High Bush Cranberry

by Green Deane

in Antioxidants, Edible Raw, Flowers, Fruits/Berries

High Bush Cranberry Corymb, not a pleasant aroma

I miss High Bush Cranberries. They don’t grow within a thousand miles of here, and they aren’t really cranberries. But they are hearty and familiar fare in northern climes.

Viburnum trilobum has clusters of fruit

The High Bush Cranberry  is actually a Viburnum (Viburnum trilobum) and a cousin of the elderberry. Both are in the greater Honeysuckle Family and have a characteristic musky odor.  That family by the way straddles the edibility line, with some members edible and others not, some tasty and some not. As one might suspect by the name, the High Bush Cranberry has tart fruit. Bradford Angier, a well-known Canada-based forager along side Euell Gibbons, wrote they require a “conditioned palate” to appreciate.

In North America the High Bush Cranberry is found in Canada and the northern half of the United States plus, oddly, New Mexico. It is not as that friendly to wildlife as one might suspect. The fruit persists into the winter because they are not on the top of birds’ preferred food. Birds like the berries after they soften and ferment. White-Tailed deer also browse on the twigs and leaves. For humans the berries are high in Vitamin C, about 30 milligrams per 100 grams.

Virburnum edule has smaller clusters

Viburnum trilobum has several disputed botanical names and several mistaken common names including Pimbina, Mooseberry, Cranberry Tree, Cranberry Bush, American Cranberry, and Squashberry.  Around the world there are at least 10  Viburnums and several cultivars used for food or tea. Among them are: Viburnum alnifolium, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum edule, Viburnum lentago, Viburnum nudum, Viburnum opulus, Viburnum opulus xanthocarpum, Viburnum prunifolium, and Viburnum setigerum. In North America V. trilobum, and V. edule are preferred. Generally native North American species taste better than imported European species. This holds true for elderberries as well.

Uncharacteristically “Viburnum” (vye-BUR-num)  is not bastardized Greek but dead Latin for “wayfaring tree.” A Eurasian shrub, Viburnum lantana, is called the wayfaring tree because it grew beside trails that are now roads.  Trilobum (try-LOW-bum) means three lobes, a reference to the leaves. Edule (ED-yew-lee) means edible.

Green Deane’s “Itemized” Plant Profile: High Bush Cranberry

IDENTIFICATION: Viburnum trilobum: A deciduous shrub to 12 feet (4 m) tall. Bark gray and rough, scaly. Stems arch, dense, twigs reddish-brown. Leaves opposite, palmate, three-lobed, five inches (6-12 cm) long and nearly as wide, rounded base, serrated edge, resemble maple leaves but with a wrinkled surface. Flowers white, unpleasant aroma, resemble hydrangeas, four inches across (13 cm) in corymbs with a ring of large sterile blossoms surrounding a center of small, fertile flowers. Fruit an oblong red drupe, 5/8 of an inch (15 mm) long and about a half inch (12 mm) wide, one flat, white seed.  Shrub fruit around five years old.

TIME OF YEAR: Flowers in late spring, fruits in late summer, fruit persists into fall and winter.

ENVIRONMENT: Full sun or partial shade, woods and moist meadows, well-drained soil. Moist is important. Can be trained to be a hedge, favored for colorful foliage both in the spring and fall.

METHOD OF PREPARATION: The fruits are sour with a lot of pectin, can be eaten raw or cooked. Fruit in the early fall can be bitter but can be made into excellent jelly, jams, and syrups for pancakes, meat and game. The flowers can be added to pancake batter or the like and made into fritters. Some think the berries taste better after one or two frosts, others think they are best collected before a frost. It is a conflict of taste and texture, sometimes a confusion of species.

If you would like to donate to Eat The Weeds please click here.

{ 8 comments… read them below or add one }

Lynne October 18, 2016 at 20:29

I love the highbush cranberries, picking as well as eating. They make great jelly and pancake syrup and the color is beautiful. They aren’t something you pick and eat while out in the woods. I now have a juicer that I use to process them raw so it is much quicker than hand pressing the juice or cooking them. My husband dehydrates the mulch left by the juicer and uses the dried part for tea.


Harry Lord October 31, 2016 at 19:38

there is a bog near where I live and several bunches of bushes about 1.5 meters tall that are loaded with clusters of red berries . Would they be cranberries?


mary August 6, 2016 at 13:14

They are also native to northern Alberta. Walking through the woods, one gets the aroma, much like yeast, quite musty.
Didn’t like the jelly for use with anything except meat, as you would with regular cranberries. I wouldn’t go out of my way to make the jelly again, as there are so many other good berries in the woods.


Holly Helmstetter August 5, 2016 at 09:43

There are quite a few of these growing around the small northern NY village where I live. I haven’t tried cooking with them, but after reading that they’re high in pectin, I might try some jam from them this year. I’ve found at least one recipe for it, on a site called Taste of Home. Since it mentions using orange zest, it occurs to me that orange Jello might be another possibility to enhance the flavor. Although I know that these berries are not related to regular cranberries, I believe my experience in cooking the latter with orange Jello, might be applicable to this wild berry, as well.


Jessica Lynne June 19, 2016 at 19:35

I live in Ontario, and I found a bush while on a hike and ate one because I was hungry. Not the best, highly suggest wild blueberries, currants, cloud berries, mulberries, currants, normal “low bush” cranberries ,strawberries or raspberries. (trust me they taste better) They provid a much tastier snack


Anonymous November 11, 2014 at 23:52

I tried some high bush cranberry that I found here in Michigan, I don’t know what it is, the soil, the pickle factory nearby or what. But they had to be the most revolting things I tasted. They tasted so tart it was almost rot flavored. I immediately spat out the juice and it left a nasty aftertaste for half an hour. Blegh


Alice September 5, 2013 at 11:36

I just found 3 bushes full of these. They look like they are ripe, but yuch, they are not yet. As they are a member of the elderberries, of which I am a big fan, I rather think they will need some sugar to make them palatable. I will keep checking them, and wait til frost. They are beautiful just to look at as well as maybe make some jam or jelly out of for winter.


Farmer Dave November 11, 2011 at 17:47

Darn… I thought you were going to tell us you found some growing in Florida!


Leave a Comment

Previous post:

Next post: