Partridgeberry: Split personality

by Green Deane

in Beverage, Edible Raw, Fruits/Berries, Medicinal, Vines

Double flowers a yellow mid-vein aid identification

Mitchella repens: Madder Berry

The Partridgeberry will not save you from starving but it can make your salad prettier and might keep you alive or ease your pain.

Two-dimpled berries

Partridgeberry, Mitchella repens (mit-CHELL-ah REP-enz) has its supporters and detractors, some call it insipid, others call it sour like a cranberry. My friend, forager Dick Deuerling, liked to use them to garnish salads. I found them juicy, if not messy, and very mild in flavor, nearly none. It has up to eight seeds and is nearly impossible to misidentify. There is also a version that grows in Japan.Besides a distinctive leaf, green with a yellow mid-vein, all partridge berries have two dimples because each berry grows from two hairy flowers. Not only does one berry come from two flowers but one flower has a short pistil and long stamens and the other a long pistil and short stamens. They should have called it the Mirror Berry. The plant flowers between April and June and sometimes again in the fall. The berries ripen from July to October and because they are low in fat often persist for several months if not snatched by woodland creatures.

Double flowers are not identical

By far the greater calling of the Partridgeberry in North America has been medicinal. A tea from the leaves has a very long and extensive history for easing childbirth and menstrual cramps. That tea is also diuretic, which can lower blood pressure. In the Madder family, the genus Mitchella honors John Mitchell, 1711-1768, a Virginia botanist who actually misidentified the M. repens. Repens means low growing.  M. repens is a vine that does not climb. It does make an excellent ground cover. The berry is favored by the ruffed grouse hence the name Partridgeberry. It was also called Squaw Vine for its use by women.

Green Deane’s “Itemizing” plant profile

IDENTIFICATIOIN: A low-growing non-climbing vine often found under leaf litter in deciduous forests.  The fruit is a bright red berry, oval, 1/4 to 3/8 inches across, persist through the winter if not eaten. Never abundant. Flower half- inch long, four or five white to faint pink fuzzy petals, appearing mid-summer.  Leaves opposite, evergreen, oval to heart-shaped, half inch across, parallel veined, dark green above with a paler yellow-green midrib, pale yellow below.

TIME OF YEAR: Depending upon climate, July to October

ENVIRONMENT: Moist woods, usually among trees that lose their leaves in winter.

METHOD OF PREPARATION: Trail side nibble, salad garnish, sauces, pies and jams. Use like cranberries. Leaves and berries make herbal teas of various applications.

If you would like to donate to Eat The Weeds please click here.

{ 5 comments… read them below or add one }

Charles de C. March 21, 2017 at 18:41

The most of these I ever found was a particularly prolific patch in North Jersey along the Delaware Water gap. A friend and I stumbled across a wide area of them in a moist section of path and they had several dozen berries. Unlike most I’d found up to that point, these were a bit sweet, and so we nibbled on a handful of them, spitting out the seeds everywhere to ensure they were well-spread!

Reply

Maure October 6, 2013 at 06:55

Found some up on Poetry Ridge, Greenfield, MA… not bad, especially when you need a few calories to make it back, lol !

Reply

Grace H March 3, 2013 at 15:36

Hello. Thank you for the information on this wonderful plant. We have lots of it growing in the woods near our home and I have often wondered what it was. I’m sure the wild turkeys that roam our pastures must eat it from time to time. It’s great to know it’s edible, just in case my curious kiddos decide to nibble on them. Thanks again!

Reply

Jenny August 27, 2012 at 16:06

This was one of my favorite plants when I was a little kid. Though I didn’t know the berries were edible, I have fond memories of being down in the forest undergrowth admiring the fuzzy little 4 petaled flowers. What a treat to know I can eat them too!

Reply

james christman January 14, 2012 at 17:08

Found several today while on the Willie Brown trail and timucuan trail. Not much taste with the consistency of a potato or soft apple.

Reply

Leave a Comment

Previous post:

Next post: