Moringa wood is extremely brittle

Moringa oleifera ….Monster…. Almost

If you have a warm back yard, think twice before you plant a Moringa tree.

Is it edible? Yes, most of it. Is it nutritious? Amazingly so, flowers, seeds and leaves. Does it have medical applications? Absolutely, saving lives on a daily basis.  Can it rescue millions from starvation? Yes, many times yes. So, what’s the down side? They don’t tell you that under good conditions it grows incredibly fast and large, overwhelming what ever space you allot to it. It can grow to monster proportions in one season.

Leaves eaten raw or cooked

I live in central Florida exactly — and I mean exactly — on the line between temperate and subtropical. I have not experienced a hard freeze here in seven years probably because I sit on a hill and have a 30,000 gallon pool to moderate temperatures. Around year two I got two food trees, Katuk and Moringa. You can read about the Katuk in another article.

It is an understatement to say the Moringa grows more than 10 feet a year. I have two trees and every year I cut off 15- to 20-foot branches. It requires constant attention. Despite its impressive growth pattern, it’s an extremely brittle tree. A man can easily break off a branch four inches through,…. It’s nice to feel like Hercules now and then.

The easy-breaking branches also lend themselves to a common-heard phrase in India when someone is being a little too demanding: “Don’t push me up a Moringa tree.” But, I will admit both trees withstood 100 mph winds three times in the hurricanes of 2004.

I want to impress upon you that my reference as to how fast this tree grows is a gross understatement, no matter how overstated it might seem. While gigantic growth is great for hungry poor countries, it is a significant headache for a suburban yard, even a 40-acre ranch.  Unattended, the tree grows into a spindly giant. If you don’t attend it twice a month you will have a monster on your property, and I have two of them, one self-seeded. Should you choose to grow it, just know what you are getting in for. Now days I cut both trees back to a three foot stump every spring, the same as where they are cultivated. These things grow so fast, I speculate you could get a crop of leaves off them in Northern Canada. Then over winter it inside.  It might make a real nice potted, pruned indoor tree for northern climes. That said, let’s view the virtues of the Moringa.

This tree is one of the world’s most useful plants. A native to the southern foothills of the Himalayas, Moringa oleifera  (mo-RIN-ga oh-lee-IF-er-uh) is cultivated around earth’s tropical belt. Moringa is grown for its leaves, fruits, seed, sap and roots. It provides a variety of food and medicine. The young fruits pods, called drumsticks, can be cooked many ways, often like green beans, and have an asparagus taste. A superior cooking oil comes from the seeds, and the light oil can be used to lubricate delicate mechanisms. The leaves are extensively used as a vegetable — I have a restaurant-owning Chinese friend who makes a great soup out of them — and the roots are made into a condiment resembling horseradish in taste, but use it sparingly for it contains an alkaloid, spirochin. A blue dye can be made from its sap. Even a health drink is made from the tree. M. oleifera also might have a great future in water purification, a prime cause of illness in the world. And that is just the start of the amazing overgrown weed called “The Miracle Tree.”

Dry moringa seeds

There is only one family of Moringa trees, and only 13 members, making it one of the smallest groups. Of all 13, M. oleifera is the one most cultivated and usually the one referred to when talking about the edible Moringa. The name Moringa comes from the Tamil/Malayalam word murungakka. A search using “murungakkai” will produce many recipes.  Oleifera means oil bearing. In the Philippines it is called “mother’s best friend,” in Florida, “the horseradish tree,” and in India “the drumstick tree.” In India it is an absolute must-have plant in the kitchen garden. In Thialand they are used as living fences.

From a food point of view, Moringa leaves can be used like spinach, though they are far more nutritious. Sorry Popeye. The leaves can be used fresh or dried into a powder. The leaves are an excellent source of vitamin A and C, a good source of B vitamins, and among the best plant sources of minerals. The calcium content is very high, iron is good enough to treat anemia — three times that of spinach — and it’s an excellent source of protein while being low on fats and carbohydrates. Said another way, Moringa leaves have seven times the Vitamin C of oranges, four times the calcium of milk, four times the vitamin A of carrots, three times the potassium of bananas, and two times the protein of yogurt. That’s quite a line up. The leaves also have the sulfur-containing amino acids methionine and cystine. Medically it is antibiotic and research shows it can be used to treat high blood pressure. A leaf tea is used by diabetics to help regulate their blood sugar. It is full of antioxidants, is anti-cancerous, and when eaten by mothers they give birth to healthier, heavier babies.  A 28 December 2007 study said a root extract is very anti inflammatory.

In fact, let me quote you an earlier abstract from Phytotherapy Research 16 Sept 2006:

Immature moringa pods

Moringa oleifera Lam (Moringaceae) is a highly valued plant, distributed in many countries of the tropics and subtropics. It has an impressive range of medicinal uses with high nutritional value. Different parts of this plant contain a profile of important minerals, and are a good source of protein, vitamins, -carotene, amino acids and various phenolics. The Moringa plant provides a rich and rare combination of zeatin, quercetin, -sitosterol, caffeoylquinic acid and kaempferol. In addition to its compelling water purifying powers and high nutritional value, M. oleifera is very important for its medicinal value. Various parts of this plant such as the leaves, roots, seed, bark, fruit, flowers and immature pods act as cardiac and circulatory stimulants, possess antitumor, antipyretic, antiepileptic, antiinflammatory, antiulcer, antispasmodic, diuretic, antihypertensive, cholesterol lowering, antioxidant, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, antibacterial and antifungal activities, and are being employed for the treatment of different ailments in the indigenous system of medicine, particularly in South Asia. This review focuses on the detailed phytochemical composition, medicinal uses, along with pharmacological properties of different parts of this multipurpose tree. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Now you know why they call it “The Miracle Tree.” It is being planted extensively in poorer areas of the world, some 400,000 trees in Rwanda alone.

To cultivate, soak the seeds for a day in water, plant in a peat pot. When six inches high, put in fertilized ground, and stand back!  When it is six feet high cut the top off, forcing side shoots. Hang the top upside down in the shade and let it dry. Then grind the leaves into powder.

Today, approaching Valentines Day, I did my annual Moringa cut back. It takes about four hours, not counting nibbling and seed saving. Every year I promise myself I will trim them more often and every year they rocket to the sky. But that’s really not a problem.  I just climb on the roof and collect dinner.

Green Deane’s “Itemized” Plant Profile

IDENTIFICATION: Slender tree, to about  35 feet; drooping branches,  brittle stems, corky bark; leaves feathery, pale green, compound, tripinnate; flowers fragrant, white or creamy-white, in sprays, 5 at the top of the flower; stamens yellow; pods pendulous, brown, triangular, splitting lengthwise into 3 parts when dry, containing about 20 seeds, pod tapering at both ends, 9-ribbed; seeds dark brown, with three papery wings.

TIME OF YEAR: In zone nine Florida, it leaves most of the year, with seed pods in the late spring and summer.

ENVIRONMENT: Originally from India, planted in frost free areas around the world. Naturalized in many areas. Grows best in sand soil, tolerates poor soil. It loves sun and heat and can be grown from seed.

METHOD OF PREPARATION: Leave can be eaten raw or cooked like spinach, young seed pods can be cooked many ways, seeds are edible, cooked flowers taste like mushrooms, and the roots can be made into an occasional condiment.

 

 

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{ 36 comments… read them below or add one }

William hobbs January 21, 2016 at 12:18

How do I order seeds ?

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Green Deane January 22, 2016 at 07:40

I don’t sell seeds. Maybe one of the commentators does.

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Mark west January 30, 2016 at 07:01

Seeds can be ordered from ECHO (Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization). They are in North Fort Myers, Florida. They have been promoting Moringa since 1982. They send Moringa and many other amazing seeds all over the world for free to help solve hunger problems. They sell some seed in the U.S. to support their ministry. Their website is http://www.echonet.org

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Ogbu Emmanuel January 18, 2016 at 06:08

We use it for fencing here in Nigeria and you can contact me if you need the seeds or leaves both dried and fresh.

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GiveWell December 26, 2015 at 01:03

My company imports real moringa from Ghana (no website yet, only email orders). Follow up with email with supply needs (either by count or weight). Will ship out within 7 days.

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Theresa December 24, 2015 at 10:05

I live in Minnesota and just purchased some dwarf moringa seeds from the Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company. They charge $3.50 for 10 seeds and $3.50 for shipping in the US. This is the Moringa Oleifera variety from India which does not grow as tall but is perfect for growing in a pot in northern climates. The leaves, flowers and pods are edible. I plan to grow in large pots that I will put outside in summer and bring indoors for the winter. I think they would also make as a nice gift for anyone interested in gardening and improved health.

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William hobbs January 21, 2016 at 12:13

I don’t know the plant needs some seeds first

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Pierre December 20, 2015 at 12:59

Thanks this will help me

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Farrah December 5, 2015 at 14:48

Hi Ram,
I live in hyderabad in India, so I don’t know the indian name for moringa. Can you tell me please moringa for indian name.
Thank.

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Green Deane December 14, 2015 at 16:03

Bengalese Sajna. Sojna, Sujana, Munga ara
Gujarati Suragavo, Midho-saragavo, Saragavo, Saragvo
Hindi Munaga, Munga ara, Sahijna, Sarinjna, Segra, Shajmah, Shajna
Hindi/Orissa Sanjna, Saijna, Shajna, Soandal
Kannada Nuggekai, Nuggekodu, Nugga egipa, Nugge, Noogay, Nuggi Mara
Kol Mulgia, Munga ara, Mungna
Kumao-
Himalyan
region Sunara
Konkani/Goa Moosing, Mosing
Malayalam Sigru, Moringa, Muringa, Murinna, Morunna
Marathi Sujna, Shevga, Shivga
Modesia/
W. Bengal Mangnai
Monghye/
Punjab Sejana
Oriya Munigha, Sajina
Punjabese Sanjina, Soanjana
Rajasthan Lal Sahinjano
Sanskrit Sigru Shobhanjan, Sobhan jana, Shobanjana, Danshamula
Sindhi Swanjera
Tamil Murungai, Murunkak-kai, Morunga
Telegu Tella-Munaga, Mulaga, Sajana
Teling Morunga, Morungai
Urdu Sahajna
Central
Provinces Mulaka, Saihan

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Joe Barfield November 18, 2015 at 08:43

Are there places I can buy the plant in Texas. I live in Houston on the west side.

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Angela November 25, 2015 at 16:51

Hey Joe, I saw morigna trees at Buchanan’s Native Plants nursery in Houston. It’s more towards central Houston but I just wanted to let you know since I know for sure that they have them there.

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May October 19, 2015 at 16:09

I would love to get some moringa seeds. I live in Cypress, Tx. We have very mild winters here.

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Susie October 17, 2015 at 16:38

i tired growing the tree in WV in pots to bring in for the winter. I was very successful but they did branch out and stayed lanky. In the pot they stayed about 5-6 feet. I would love to try growing them again if someone can tell me how to get them to branch out. i had three trees and only havested about 5 cups total of leaves. I finally got rid of the trees. they were too bulky in the pots with very little yield. help in wv :)

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Lucy November 9, 2015 at 10:46

Just trim the top off until all you have is the stem. It looks scary at first and you’ll think you may have killed it. But in about ten days or so you’ll see new little leaves sprouting. Good luck.

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Jennifer Bryan September 25, 2015 at 15:02

I am interested in moringa seeds.

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Lawrence September 12, 2015 at 03:40

* * * * Update September 2015 * * *

The first tree has 3 trunks and is growing nice, The second tree is a single stem and is growing nice also :) I will do updates on the other 5 tree seedlings within the next few days & weeks :) http://theeternalgarden.blogspot.com/2015/02/growing-moringa-oleifera-tree-from-seed.html

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Ukay August 30, 2015 at 12:04

I have moringa trees in my backyard in Miami Florida. I can supply both dried/powdered leaves and seeds. Contact me via email for your moringa needs.

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laurie Krafsig September 14, 2015 at 06:58

Hi Ukay, Interested in Moringa seeds please. I live in SC but going to try growing inside and outside. My address is 2003 Country Manor Dr., Mt Pleasant SC 29466. Excited..let me know if you need anything else from me please. Thank you

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Anna DeBernardis September 24, 2015 at 01:03

Hi Lauri, Would love to know how you are doing with your Moringa seeds. Would love to try some seeds too. Anxious to start growing the tree too. Anna

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Anna DeBernardis January 10, 2016 at 01:14

Did buy two Moringa trees from a local nursery in October. Have it in my high ceiling enclosed porch that gets morning sun. Transplanted it in two large pots with miracle grow potting soil. I will be putting the pots outside when it gets warmer here in Florida. I am able to pick leaves every day to add to smoothies or cooking. Can feel the difference using it.

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Diane Giberson September 29, 2015 at 15:39

Would love some seeds.. pls email me for contact info.

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Colleen Eads October 6, 2015 at 09:45

Do you still have seeds available? I have a crippling autoimmune disease and would love to plant these. Thanks!

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Gail October 24, 2015 at 09:17

I will happily trade Moringa oliefera seeds for other seeds. If you will tell me what you’re interested in, I’ll check my personal inventory of seeds, as I have a good collection.

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Terry Grewer October 26, 2015 at 19:18

I am interested in some moringa seeds. Live in Apollo Beach, FL, near Ruskin.
Please let me know if I can get some seeds from you.
My Daughter lives in Ft. Lauderdale & might be able to pick them up. Or can send to me by mail.
Thank you.
Terry Grewer

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Josh Ashbourne December 1, 2015 at 02:46

I have an interest in getting some of the dried /powdered leaves and seeds.. please provide details.. Thank you.

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Pierre December 20, 2015 at 12:57

Can I have your email need powder and seed for treat my partner cancer. Asp please. I living in florida, Deerfield beach.

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tammy August 26, 2015 at 19:00

My tree is about 6 ft tall and the stem is still green will it turn brown and get stronger and some of the leaves are turning yellow help.

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Heather August 22, 2015 at 13:38

I come from Southern Africa and looking at supplying the crushed leaf to anyone who is interested. This crop is grown organically with only natural animal manure as fertilizer on small scale farms by women who are trying to sustain families in the harsh economic environment, all seen too often in Africa. I am now ‘pre-diabetic’ so brought some back with me. I promised that on my return to Europe I would give their plea a shout out, so here it is.

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christine delks October 4, 2015 at 04:56

how can I order from them? I live in det mich.

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Lee January 19, 2016 at 15:42

Hi Heather, how can I order please?

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bakari August 20, 2015 at 05:06

hi! I sell moringa seeds dry and clean if you want it please email me at jwdavandid@yahoo.com

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Tenyo November 13, 2015 at 16:16

I sell too and I take eveyday :)

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Tracy Zao July 16, 2015 at 14:47

I wouldn’t necessarily say that having a tree as beneficial to your health as Moringa growing at an overwhelming rate is a bad thing. That would mean that it is easily available, and replenishes fast. Considering how much it can help solve global issues, this makes it the perfect candidate

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Ram June 24, 2015 at 06:22

Hi,
I live in India and supplier of Moringa seed to Hongkong and china regularly. It is miracle seed and highly nutritional supplements too.
If anybody need this please contact me my mail or mobile.
abhisexport@gmail.com. / 00919443190994. ( what`s app )

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Donald Murray June 22, 2015 at 08:20

I just want to say that moringa seeds are inexpensive at ECHO in Fort Myers. To get to ECHO, take I-75 to Bayshore Exit (N side of river) and go about a mile East of I-75 toward the civic center. There will be a sign and you turn left.

They do well in large pots on the lanai. If Johnny Appleseed knew about moringa, he would have sowed the countryside with it. In fact, I plant them here and there. Churches should plant at least one to supplement their food pantries.

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