Newsletter 27 May 2014

 

Green Deane in Athens with Poppies

Green Deane, then 50, in Athens with poppies along the ancient “agora.”

It is Memorial Day, 2014. As veteran, and the son of a veteran, I thought I would mention the well-known red poppies such as the ones I am sitting with in the picture above. They do make it into the edible realm and are not the infamous poppies of drug lore. Though the picture was taken in Athens (Greece) the European blossoms are called  the  “California Red Poppy” among many names. The “Corn Poppy” has become closely associated with veterans though perhaps more so in the past than now. But it is a tradition that continues. How this came to be is quite a story and you can read it here. 

Where do you forage? It’s a simple question with a complex answer. When I was younger the 1000 acres behind the house and the 2000 across the road answered that question. Today it is where ever I can. Indeed, at a local health food store a woman that I’ve been trying to get interested in foraging recently said “there’s no place to forage.” She is wrong, but more right every year.

Abandoned Groves

To be utterly frank, I forage where ever I find the plants and where I think the soil and water are wholesome. This means yards, parks, fields, vacant lots, cemeteries, bike trails, the back of businesses, residential neighborhoods, abandoned citrus groves and golf courses, working citrus groves, church grounds, and local woods. This is also a tad iffy since this state says you can’t take plants from public land and everything that is not private is public. However, that usually applies to plants they don’t want removed whereas I am usually taking plants they want to get rid of. No one loves weeds but me and thee. I also forage in lakes, ponds, rivers, the inner coastal waterway and seaside.

The truth of the matter is I spy the edible plant first and then I ponder where it is second.  If it is a pindo palm on a lawn I ask the homeowner if I can have the fruit and if he or she puts down pesticides. If it is a body of water I examine the quality of the water. A bubbling spring and a slow ditch are quite different but I can find water cress in either. If it is a field it depends where, and the  less witnesses the better.

Not down hill or wind from heavily-traveled roads

It might be more instructive to say where I don’t forage. I try to avoid any land or water that has parking lot run off. I don’t forage down hill from the interstate or a heavily-traveled road. Uphill I might is it were far enough away. Avoid anyplace near a garage or repair shop. And the absolutely worst place to forage is railroad lines, even old ones. Railroads are among the most toxic property in the United States, and among the longest contaminated. Folks have died from chemicals put down around the tracks to hold the weeds down. What you can do is collect seeds there and plant them to get a clean generation.

Many law enforcement officers are students of foraging.

And whenever a police officer stops me I just say “I’m looking at the flora and fauna.” That usually creates a blank stare to which I add “I know something about edible plants and I’m looking for something to eat.” By then they usually decide I am not any threat to anyone except myself and they leave me alone.

There is little doubt that man has been foraging for food for a long time. As one might guess, in different places he foraged for different plants. He also foraged before there were cities and suburbia. Foraging continued well into the 1900′s, and of course, selectively today.

Where the buffalo used to roam.

Among the challenges of teaching foraging is finding suitable sites. In my classes I tend to visit the same areas about six times a year, if not more often. Almost all of these sites are in suburbia, not in the wild. This surprises people because they assume wild food is out in the wild-erness.  When the famous Willie Sutton was asked why he robbed banks, he said because that’s where the money is. I teach foraging in suburbia because that’s where the edible plants are.

That said, I have to qualify that comment. There are edibles in the wilds, but they tend to be different than those found in population centers and represent more a subsistence living than variety.

Many edible weeds, perhaps the majority, are not native. They are from somewhere else. They come with humans and humans go to population centers.

“Cluttered” back yards

In an old city park I can usually find 60 to 100 edible species and I usually have to walk only a mile or so. In a state park I can walk 10 miles and find perhaps two dozen edible species. This is not to say native food is inferior or rare. It is better to say the choice is limited. But when you combine native and imported plants (and edible ornamentals) then one has a large menu.

The other reason I use city parks is because most of the species we find there most folks can also find in their own yard or neighborhood. It’s good to learn what the natives ate to survive but most folks want to find food around their own home, not a distant park (where foraging is probably also illegal.)

Foraging in suburbia does raise the issue of pollution, and that has to be taken into consideration. Despite that complication foraging in suburbia is where more people forage today. It is where most people find their wild food, and it’s where I teach. Willie Sutton would understand.

What Do You See #14 was taken in a wet spot. There are two species in the picture in the same genus, both used. Can you name them? The answer will be printed here next week or can be found on the Green Deane Forum now under What Do You See?

P1070033

Foraging Class for this weekend:

Sunday, June 1st, Mead Garden: 1500 S. Denning Dr., Winter Park, FL 32789.  This class will be unusual in that it will start at 8 a.m. rather than the usual time.

There are many challenges to foraging in Florida

There are many challenges to foraging.

My foraging videos do not include alligators but they do cover dozens of edible plants in North America. The set has nine DVD. Each DVD has 15 videos for 135 in all. Some of these videos are of better quality than my free ones on the Internet. They are the same videos but many people like to have their own copy. I burn and compile the sets myself so if you have any issues I handle it. There are no middle foragers. And I’m working on adding a tenth DVD.  To learn more about the DVDs or to order them click here.

Green Deane Forum

Green Deane Forum

On the Green Deane Forum we post messages and pictures about foraging all year long. There’s also a UFO page, for Unidentified Flowering Objects so plants can be identified. Topics this morning included: Heal All, Climate Change, Catalpa Worms, Disease and Blood Type, Opuntias, Bonsai, and Red Corn Poppy.  The link to join is on the right hand side of this page.

 

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{ 9 comments… add one }
  • Alvin May 26, 2014, 9:48 am

    Thanks a bunch for clarifying the old question about wild onions–Toxic
    or Edible. Fortunately, the plants which I brought with me from my home
    country in north central Texas are hardy, healthy and offering a winning
    contest with domestic onion chives, which are also thriving and fun to eat.

    Reply
  • Chaz Mikell May 26, 2014, 10:46 am

    In reference to public lands being closed to foraging: I think it would be wize and timely for we foragers to email or send letters, and encourage our friends to do so, to legislators and members of congress to change the laws prohibiting removing plants from public lands. We have open hunting and fishing seasons on public land ; why not managed wild plant seasons? I would be interested in joining a network to put this into motion. I would appreciate reply of interested parties.

    Reply
    • mike May 27, 2014, 1:31 am

      Unfortunately, Chaz, I don’t think this would pass. It would take too many manhours on an already stressed government budgets to work.

      Additionally, some public lands are open to foraging, others are not. So you would have to address this issue with each controlling entity, and that would be a huge undertaking, as some are state defined, some are federally defined, some are agency defined, some are legally defined, and even some are locally defined. And even some depend on the lands within a given agency – some places allowed, some not.

      Reply
  • db May 26, 2014, 11:54 am

    I’m always amazed at what you can find growing in places nobody ever thinks it would be possible.

    Recently, while walking down Duval Street in Key West, I ran across several amaranth plants growing between the sidewalk and a fence. The plant was over a foot tall, with lovely seed clusters, and not a care in the world that it was passed by thousands of people every day.

    Life is tenacious…and from time to time, very tasty 🙂

    Thanks for what you do….
    db

    Reply
  • Green Deane May 26, 2014, 12:31 pm

    From Donna: Just had to say thanks for the story of the poppy. My own dad was in the army for 30 years, and I did not know that story. I have bought poppies for many years, but did not even think about how that started.
    The poem is absolutely beautiful.
    Thank you for your service!

    Reply
  • bob dagit May 27, 2014, 1:10 pm

    some places have a tradition of placing red poppies at monuments in the cracks of the stones listing names, next to the names of commemorated soldiers.

    Reply
  • farouk May 28, 2014, 6:53 am

    We as well spy the edible plant first and then ponder where it is second. We too askif we can have the fruit and if pesticides have been put down. Wee do agree that this is applicable to vegetables and fruits in general. It is good coincidence that just a couple of days ago the Sudanese Consumer Protection Societyhas held its weekly forum- this week – on protected cultivation ” Vegetable Hoop Houses Products ” aiming to educate the layman about the dangers emanating from consuming edibles like tomato, cucumber and strawberry .People consume lots of these during the fasting month of ” Ramadan ” . Agricultural experts and academics have stressed the role played by pesticides in endangering consume’s health specificall leading to cancer and kidney failure . This issue has been raised as it has been noticed that there is no official – governmental – control on importing pesticides. Moreover, these pesticides contain higly toxic chemicals ,and, according to an expertee comment, most trading is maintained illegally. In addition they are not conformable to standard measures. In conclusion the forum has advised on government intervention and on carefully watching on Hoop Houses Products as well as creating suitable detailed regulations and set strict laws fornthe sake of consumers healthbeing.

    Reply
  • Ezra May 28, 2014, 9:31 pm

    On the topic of harvesting wild plants in national or state parks I have found that most people do not care if the species is invasive, if anything they are happy. For non-invasive plants I have found as long as no one is around you are fine as long as you take into consideration maintaining the colony of whatever you found. So just be careful and you will be fine at least foe my experience

    Reply
  • Mitzi Giles June 5, 2014, 3:00 pm

    Any word on the edibility of Sweet Flag?? It’s a water plant that was used in the past for a seasoning, but like everything else everyone has forgotten that and the feeling is If you can’t buy it at Publix it must be dangerous…
    Had an interesting debate with a cretin who wanted to ban vegetable gardens from front yards in the city we live in half of the week. I pointed out to her that meant no daylilies, tigerlilies, begonias, dahlias, water gardens, sorrel, natal plums, coco plums, cacti, nasturtiums, mangos, cranberry hibiscus, seagrapes, pindo palms, even sawgrasses (the white at the base of the stem is edible) she retreated in confusion

    Reply

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